Kereta Api Super Cepat Pertama di Dunia, Tokaido Shinkansen

Kereta Api Super Cepat Pertama di Dunia, Tokaido Shinkansen

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World War II,
leaving very severe damage
for various countries in the world
especially Japan which in its economic conditions
and the infrastructure
suffered very severe destruction
due to airstrikes from the allied military
however, with the end of the war
Japan succeeded in proving
that they have risen and worthy
to hold the title as
Asia’s first economic miracle
even though there is so much evidence of the rise of the Japanese economy
nothing seems more shocking to the world
compared to how Japan made
The first “Super Fast Train” in history,
which is called “Tõkaidõ Shinkansen”.
In 1964,
The Japanese government inaugurates the Shinkansen
various local and international media,
Come to Japan, to capture the very historic event
Among various media recordings,
There is nothing that Japan can be proud of the most
compared to how media while using a helicopter
seemed to have difficulty to record Shinkansen movement,
who drove so fast.
Even at the time of its inauguration ceremony,
The Shinkansen looks so amazing,
do you know?
that in this one project, initially encountered many obstacles?
Even some important figures of Project Shinkansen,
had resigned
because there are so many obstacles,
that faced by the project.
(especially financial)
To find out what obstacles
that faced by the project,
looks like we have to study
the history in the field of transportation.
Until the 18th century, humans used animal-based transportation
like a horse for a road trip
and sailboats / oars for sea travel.
The occurrence of the Industrial Revolution in England
quickly spread to various European countries,
it change the mode of transportation in the 19th century.
Slowly land transportation, began to be replaced by engine-based vehicles (trains),
meanwhile sea transportation has begun to be replaced by engine-based vessels
for example a steamship or a fire ship

These changes, not only make transportation easier
this change also changes the mode of transportation to be faster.
James Watt, who introduced The steam engine
(18th Century),
really changed the history of the world industry.
James Watt seemed to be an Avatar, who introduced a substitute power of
wind, water or animals,
become a power based on technology / engine based person.
It is not surprising if we begin to recognize the word “horse power”,
to compare the power produced by the engine,
with power produced by a horse
Uniquely the steam engine which was originally “introduced” only for mining activities,
apparently can be used for other fields,
including the transportation sector (Specifically Railroad).
this makes the train developed further
by western countries, as happened in America with its “Wild West”
One example of using railroad tracks,
the most impressive in human history,
maybe is how Germany, which at that time was still a very young country
(just united)
support the construction of railroads,
as a political step
to connect the states of Germany,
with the central government (Berlin).
The construction of the railroad is one of the key factors in the success of Germany,
to become a superpower country,
with very rapid progress in various fields,
both economics, technology, industry, and military.
This was achieved because of the construction of the railroad tracks,
make distance the various German states,
can be traveled
with shorter time.
Shorter travel time,
and contributed to uniting the German State,
which was originally divided
At the beginning of the 20th century,
the world is again shaken by the rapid development of technology,
one of them is Henry Ford,
which manufactures Ford Model T cars
by introducing the new system
called the Assembly Line.
The introduction of this new system,
not just make the company
be able to produce cars faster,
but also cheaper.
This made a new revolution in transportation,
now people (especially Americans) can go wherever they want,
only by using a mode of personal transportation.
The development of the automotive industry
increasingly makes society not dependent
on the development of mass transportation,
including trains, besides slow,
The route is also very limited
people are happy with the existence of cars
Because of this private transportation
Give them freedom & speed
To go wherever & whenever they want
apart from that, car ownership
make them look cool and modern
this indirectly rise their social status
From this thing, we know how an investment can
affect our lives, both consciously and unconsciously
Aside from cars, the public was also introduced to the progress of other new modes of transportation
which more interesting,
this innovation called “airplane”
Even for thousands of years,
humans can only stare at the sky, which is filled with birds in the air
and various attempts to conquer it
always end in failure, or at least a very severe injury
But by studying history,
and endless experiments
human finally managed to conquer the sky
even though it is still a very new invasion
but the occurance of World War I, which was then followed by World War II,
make aviation technology experience a very significant development.
The aircraft is quickly replacing ships, as a mode of long-distance transportation,
because the plane is not only modern, but also faster, and not limited to the presence of water.
These two discoveries, posed a real threat to previous modes of transportation,
especially trains.
Why is that?
because both of them have some things in common
that is, it is “independent”, regardless of the presence of rail or water
and also the level of speed
make these two modes of transportation, so in demand by the community
The end of World War II, made America
under the leadership of President Eisenhower
using a very large budget
to build infrastructure, for the sake of connecting
various states in the United States
his decision to build infrastructure can be understood as a concrete manifestation of his experience
after became a military leader from World War II (Managing Logistics)
On the other hand, the United States began to close routes from trains
which they had previously built so vigorously, this shows
The US believes that the railroad tracks are outdated
and the spirit of freedom that is an important part of their lifestyle
even now the railroad track in America,
generally more widely used
to send containers, and not passengers, as before
a scene that is not much different,
we can see in Europe which experienced a recovery after World War II
where many countries still use steam trains, (or diesel)
and railroad construction has stagnated, if not setback
In other parts of the world,
some Japanese train experts,
stubbornly decided to work on a new type of railroad project,
at a speed unmatched by any train in the world.
that a new type of train, which they are developing, can move
almost 2 times faster compared to other trains.
The project is called “Tõkaidõ Shinkansen”,
this very ambitious transportation project,
originally created to connect the two most populous cities in Japan,
Tokyo (the capital of Japan),
and Osaka (Japan’s 2nd Most Dense City).
Besides these two cities,
This route also connect to other smaller cities,
which happened to be between the two cities,
like Numazu, Shizouka, Nagoya and also Kyoto
To meet the needs of the project, massive infrastructure development is needed,
this requires investment funds that are not few.
Why is that?
because the project of the superfast train, apparently requires rails whose characteristics,
different from the tracks that have existed before,
the rail must be made “wider”, and also “more straight”,
The Japanese government must also build railroads
among the 2 most populous cities,
complete with various supporting infrastructure.
That means, Japan is not only building a track, but 2 tracks at once (back and forth).
To ensure the stability of the project, the track must be made as straight as possible,
that means they have to make it around
67 new tunnels along 107 km, as well as building more than 3,000 new bridges
In addition, Japan must change the roads that the train passes through,
by build various underpasses, as well as new flyovers.
Because the train is so fast,
they also have to build a traffic & communication center located in Tokyo,
this organization is responsible for managing the coordination & traffic needed by Shinkansen trains.
These various development projects, indeed, provide employment that is not small
but the budget needed is also very large.
Initially, the project budget was estimated at ¥ 200 billion,
but in its development the budget of funds needed increased almost double from the orginal one,
which is ¥ 380 Billion (Briginshaw, 2014)
The increase in the development budget is due to various factors,
especially from supporting infrastructure development,
like tunnels & new bridges, which exceeded the original estimates.
The very drastic increase in costs,
making 2 visionary leaders who most responsible in the project,
the President of the National Railway (Shinji Sogo)
& Chief Engineer (Hideo Shima),
forced to resign before the project was completed.
their courage to sacrificed their own work so that the project could be completed on time
& benefit the wider community, is a sacrifice, deserves to be an example for us all
The increased budget of the project was so large, it immediately filled the Japanese headlines column,
even just 1 year before the ceremony, a Japanese railroad expert,
who called the project as
“The pinnacle of madness”.
Other media called the project “the Great Wall of Japan”,
or “Yamoto Battleship”, an ambitious project that takes a huge budget
but its use is not on target.
Not a few people consider this project,
“Futile investment”,
they question, compared to investing in outdated & inflexible projects like this,
why not imitate the steps of western countries that are incessant
build the highway & the aviation industry?
There are also those who question, whether such a large investment from this project,
in proportion to the benefits obtained by Japan?
Various reactions from the public and the media, it is very natural.
because at that time, there was still no one,
Superfast trains that have been successfully built
& operates as it is today
Even so, various forms of criticism will soon be answered,
when the Shinkansen began operating October 1, 1964
The Shinkansen is not only a symbol of the rise of Japan,
this project also shows the world, how Japan is an innovative nation,
with mastery of science and technology that is not inferior to western nations.
The Japanese government is hosting the Summer Olympics, they are using the opportunity,
to show the results of the progress of science and technology, to the whole world.
The first Shinkansen route that Japan opens is Tokyo-Osaka,
the two largest cities in Japan, separated by a distance of 515.4 km.
Construction of the Shinkansen route, using a work time of 5 years,
precisely from 1959,
and was successfully completed in 1964.
The route serves the first superfast train in world history,
which would later be known as “Dangan Ressha” (Bullet Train),
the name is taken from the shape of the locomotive’s snout, which resembles a bullet shape (DK, 2014).
So fast was the Shinkansen, making cars that were driving on the highway,
, looks like a parked car.
Even various airlines,
which was initially considered a mode of transportation of the future,
began to be threatened with the return
“Old fashion transportation”,
which now comes back with new capabilities & speed.
The original inter-city flight route
very profitable for various airlines,
now threatened by the presence of the Shinkansen.
Why does Shinkansen threaten airlines?
the answer lies in the combination between
speed, capacity, ease,
and sometimes ticket prices.
Shinkansen gives new choices to the community,
to travel quickly, comfortably,
and the opportunity to see how beautiful Japan’s scenery is.
Not surprisingly, if the airline
to reconsider the number of flight routes, through the Shinkansen pass
Only with the technology of that era (1964),
this train has been able to reach a maximum speed of close to 220 km / h (137 mph).
When first serving the Tokyo-Osaka route,
Shinkansen broke the travel record in 3 hours 10 minutes,
this exceeds the speed of any train both in Japan and in the world.
In its inaugural year alone, Shinkansen has managed to carry more than 150 million passengers,
making it one of the most profitable modes of transportation,
both in terms of investor profits and consumer time
The success of Shinkansen, also provides enormous benefits for business people & professionals,
where they can go to other cities, & go home the same day.
These benefits are increasingly apparent, due to the number of Shinkansen trains,
which is also used more and more, so the capacity is also greater.
The success of the project,
can not be separated from the ability of visionary leaders,
which is able to combine ancient modes of transportation,
with the latest technology & integrating both into “Project Shinkansen”
But how does Shinkansen actually work? what distinguishes it from the previous train? Why can the Shinkansen go that fast?
the answers are very diverse, let’s start with the power that moves it.
In contrast to ordinary trains, which still use conventional power (coal),
Shinkansen already uses electricity, which is channeled through its supporting infrastructure.
Generally the train is pulled by its locomotive,
this is not the case with Shinkansen, whose motors are distributed in a way
evenly distributed to each car.
Shinkansen is like a train that uses so many locomotives,
this is not just reducing
load of each car
but it also speeds up the pace of the Shinkansen,
even if some motorbikes have problems, they can still go using motorbikes in other cars.
In addition, Shinkansen (starting from 500 series – 1997) also uses the form of “locomotive”
which was inspired by the shape of the beak Kingfisher,
the form was adopted by a Shinkansen technician, named Eiji Nakatsu,
they not only use it for “beauty”,
but also to reduce noise, speed up the train,
and reduce the amount of electrical energy needed in each trip
Considering Japan is a country full of natural disasters,
like the Tsunami, Earthquake, and Typhoon,
Shinkansen is able to hold an excellent safety record.
In terms of safety, along the Shinkansen route has been equipped with a seismometer (earthquake detector),
which will automatically cut off electricity in the event of an earthquake, thereby activating the emergency brake from the Shinkansen.
To maintain the quality of the track used,
Japan uses a train called “Yellow Doctor”,
which routinely checks the condition of both rail and cable, from each route used (Medhurst, 2016).
Japan is still trying, building new routes, completing the high-speed train network
which was built before
In addition to longer routes, Japanese technicians continue to experiment,
to use new types of trains, and train tracks with new technology,
this enables it to go faster
The success of the Japanese Shinkansen Project, inspired other developed countries,
following a similar step, by developing its own superfast train project,
like the French TGV, which has been operating since 1981.
Among the various countries that utilize transportation technology from Japan,
there is a country that best utilizes this technology,
uniquely that country is actually also Japan’s main rival,
which we now know by the name of the People’s Republic of China (PRC).
With the largest population in the world,
China is a country with the largest high-speed rail network system in the entire world
This is very unique, considering that China is actually a communist country,
and famous for its “nationalism” nature,
it actually shows the nature of “openness”, to utilize Japanese technology,
who were actually none other than their main enemy in World War II.
This attitude of openness, in fact is inseparable from the leadership of Deng Xiaoping,
who is very famous for words
“No matter the white cat or the black cat, as long as the cat is able to catch mice, it is a good cat”
Even though it was filled with various obstacles, especially at the beginning of its development,
Japan succeeded in proving that the Shinkansen,
is an appropriate and wise investment in the field of “mass transportation”.
he also showed how the right policy
in the field of infrastructure development (Mass Transportation), turns out to affect a country’s economic development.
Japan inspires western countries, does the same in their countries,
by copying what “Asian countries” do.
At present, Indonesia already has so many examples
Japan, Europe, China
If other countries, are able to utilize the technology,
what about our country, Indonesia?

100 Replies to “Kereta Api Super Cepat Pertama di Dunia, Tokaido Shinkansen”

  1. Jepang takut dngan kemajuan america, begitu juga sebaliknya, mangkanya mereka saling bersaing dlm berbagai sektor..

    Sedang indonesia, apa yg di takutin indonesia.. Dngan tuhan saja indonesia tdk takut..πŸ˜‚

  2. Salam sejarah, min. Kontennya mantap abis dah. Aku juga salut bagaimana mimin menjelaskannya dengan rinci bahkan mulai dari sejarah transportasinya. Hanya satu doang sih min. Pelafalan "sen" dalam kata "shinkansen"(ζ–°εΉΉη·š) lebih tepatnya dengan huruf E yang sama ketika mengucapkannya pada kata "sepak".

    Maaf, sama sekali tidak bermaksud menggurui.

  3. Mantap nih untuk video kali ini narasi audio vokal nya udh besar dan volume background musik nya oke lah, tinggal tambahin dikit lg aja volume background musik biar lebih dramatisir namun tetap audio vokal terdengar jelas, ya untuk yg skrg sih udh oke lah mantap enak menikmati video nya, semangat terus lah semoga dukungan dana finansial nya makin banyak dan makin banyak konten2 nya bisa dinikmati, klo sy sih pasti lah nunggu banget konten2 sejarah gini apapun lah mau per negara, mau tentang industri, teknologi, terutama soal perang2 dunia paling favourite nya.. πŸ˜„πŸ‘πŸ‘πŸ‘

  4. bang next : Sejarah Holy Roman Empire sampai munculnya Prussia dan Jerman Modern

    BTW lagu intro itu judulnya Auferstanden Aus Ruinen,lagu kebangsaan Jerman Timur
    3:04 lagu kebangsaan Inggris tapi bagi gw itu lagu kebangssan Kaisar Jerman Heil Dir Im Siegerkranz

  5. Min tolong bahas sejarah explorasi minyak bumi di dunia, dan juga dampaknya terhadap geopolitik, revolusi industri 2, dan perkembangan ekonomi /krisis di dunia dong

  6. Utang Jepang China dan Amerika itu paling banyak tpi mereka maju sekali dlm teknologi. Indonesia utang segitu kecil aja pada banyak omong. Mau maju? Perbaiki SDM! perbaiki SDM? Melalui pendidikan! Pendidikan memerlukan banyak prasana dan sarana! Dana dari mana? Ngutanggggg cuk ngutanggg

  7. Kereta Cepat itu lebih praktis ketimbang Pesawat..Karena Stasiun2 kereta bisa masuk ke Pelosok kota..sedangkan Kita mau ke bandara lewat TOL dlu blum lg delay cuaca dan kejadian2 lainnya..Hambatan kereta cma Maintenance, Track Kereta dan Gempa menurut saya.

    Btw Kereta Jakarta Bogor adalah Kereta Listrik Pertama di Asia


  9. Nah kapal cepat banyak penumpang kan belum ada.Masih sebatas mesin airbus.. Monggo kalau sekiranya inovator indonesia membuat

  10. Saya sih paling suka China Mainland, dimana negara yang dulu terkenal 'jadul' dan budaya nya yang kuat, dengan sistem pemerintahan nya yang Komunis, sekarang mengadopsi teknologi paling pesat, gila loh πŸ€“

  11. Teknologi rekayasa di kereta api apapun bisa saja diterapkan krn kereta api berjalan di jalurnya sendiri,tergantung kesiapan masyarakatnya untuk menerima&merawat teknologi baru tsb.Kl masih saja ada budaya nrobos palang pintu,pelemparan batu ke kereta,nongkrong di pinggir rel jgn tllu underestimate kl pemerintah blm bs mewujudkan kereta api cepat/semi cepat di Indonesia.

  12. Sejarah yg tidak bisa di ubah adalah, sejarah dari riwayat dari ulama sejarah, at Thabari dan Ibnu Katsir. Soalnya udah banyak yg di ubah oleh Barat

  13. Walau begitu jangan salah paham Amerika teknologi kereta apinya tidak kalah dengan negara2 lain dan Kereta api adalah Tulang punggung transportasi ekonomi di amerika dan perusahaan2 disana lebih tertarik menggunakan kereta ketimabang truk

  14. makanya itu gue lbh yakin sama made in japan drpd made in china, no offense yak.

    btw kereta ini jadi cth di bidang transportasi dan ada lagi cth produk jepang yg inovatif di bidang elektronik yaitu walkman.
    cb min jadiin bahan yg walkman ini, kalo ga salah itu jg jd bagian dari pengembangan teknologi transistor, taulah min transistor itu keajaiban bgt, nanti bisa dilanjutin ke perkembangan komputer dan internet sampe ke para penghuni silicon valley yg semuanya itu berawal dari 1 benda yg bernama transistor.

    mantap min berkaitan semua itu, dari transistor aja udah bisa jadi brp topik tuh πŸ˜…

  15. Ayo suport chanel in dan dev a gan, juga harapan saya sih lebih bnyak konten kreator yg menambah wawasan masyarakat indonesia tentang sejarah dan ilmu pengetahuan laen, saran saya sih sedikit di bumbui dengan humor gan.. Seperti Chanel oversimplified keren abis tuh

  16. Nama Kereta Shinkanshen pertama (Kodama) Osaka-Tokyo
    Seri Prototype nya= JR 485 Kodama..
    Seri Normalnya= Shinkansen Seri 0
    Edit: Bukan Osaka tpi Shin-Osaka.. h3h3 ralat.πŸ€—

  17. Yang pernah ke Jepang: rasanya naik shinkansen, gimana sih? Kapan ya, Indonesia punya Shinkansen? Apa perlu nunggu 100 tahun Indonesia merdeka?

  18. Cuman saran ingat penonton atau netizen indonesia kurang suka jika waktunya sangat panjang min lebih baik dibikin part lebih pendek lagi

  19. Indonesia harus banyak menghubungkan rel kereta api contoh Russia Jerman Jepang yang berhasil dalam membangun daerah lewat Kereta api

  20. sebentar saya agak bingung. ini yang dibahas itu sistem kereta cepat atau kereta yang mampu berjalan dikecepatan tinggi? karena kalo kereta yang bisa lari dalam kecepatan tinggi sebelum Shinkansen lahir itu banyak lho. walaupun pada akhirnya Shinkansen sendiri bisa dibilang jadi standar baru dari definisi kereta cepat setelah dikenalkan ke dunia

  21. Min coba bahas sejarah sang jenius Nikola Tesla dari dia dilahirkan, masa mudanya gimna, pnemuannya apa aja, bertemu & konflik sama Thomas Alva Edison & sampe akhir hayatnya Nikola Tesla. Semoga channel ini semakin sukses & tambah besar kedepannya


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