How To Spray Car Start to Finish ( Sealer, Base, Clear) Tips

How To Spray Car Start to Finish ( Sealer, Base, Clear) Tips


– [Donnie] This is Donnie Smith. And this video we’re gonna
go over the process of primer, sealer, base coat and clear coat. It’s a long video and the
video quality is not that good. I did it with a go pro
kind of going around as he’s shooting the car. But what we’re doing is we’re
gonna shoot primer sealer. We’re gonna put one coat of that. We put two coats of base coat. This is water born base coat and then we’re gonna come
back with clear coat. And if you just kinda wanting
to pick up some technique that’s kind what I’ll be
talking about in this video. You know as he’s spraying,
I’ll be touching on things that will hopefully help you improve your spraying technique. Now every paint has an overlap. You’ll see this sealer,
most solvents are 50%. If you shooting House of
Color, sometimes they are a little bit different with there solvents but generally 50% overlap. And what that means is that
you go over each pass 50%. So you’re gonna overlap
that previous pass by half you know, with the solvent. And I generally when I’m
teaching, I tell you to generally start out with your spray
gun a little bit further away than normal and use like eight 10 inches. You know, starting out. As you become more familiar
you can get closer. But the reason I do that, if
you’re painting six inches away from the surface, and you
hesitate just for a second or you snag your hose,
you’re gonna have a big run. You know when you’re painting
real fast and real close. So I recommend about eight
inches away from the surface and then as you get
comfortable and you get the muscle memory it
takes to paint, you know then you can move closer. Now that’s one thing I
want to talk about though. If you are moving closer, if you’re closer that means you’re gonna
have to move faster. And that’s one of the things
that we really have to work on when someones learning to paint. Is getting you’re
distance and speed right. For example, if I’m leaning
over a hood you know I might not reach that as good, so I’m gonna have to slow
down or I’m gonna have to get further back to get to
get the correct coverage and that means I’m
gonna have to slow down. So that’s just something
you’re muscle memory, I mean they say you have to do something so many times before
it’s just natural to you. And then whenever you
get good at it, you know I know I switch arms a lot. You know paint with my right
and my left depending on where I’m at and maybe to
get the coverage I need. You know, that will all come. For now just worry about,
your distance, your speed and your overlap. You know that’s the first things to master when you’re spraying. So he’s going around this
car with this coat of sealer. Now what primer sealer is,
is it helps the color hiding. It helps hide you know, everything that’s underneath this paint or this primer. I mean we got primer spots,
we got old paint surface and if you use primer sealer,
you know it helps give it the right background
coating whenever you go to apply your paint. You don’t have to use primer sealer. Some people don’t but it does
allow you to use less paint and the primer sealers
gonna be less expensive than the paint. But you know I think it’s
a good idea to always use primer sealer plus it
does help with adhesion and rock chips and things like that too. But its not nothing that you have to do. Another thing I’d like
to mention right now is you know, be sure that
you prep the car right. That it is sanded, there’s no glossy spots and that you cleaned really really good. I mean it takes a lot of cleaning. You can wash it and wipe it down and then after you mask it e
sure you wipe it down again to get any finger prints off because that can cause some problems. So we’ve done all that
already before this video were just gonna mainly go
over the spraying techniques but I did want to mention that. Okay now he’s getting around this car. Notice that he’s kind
of following a sequence you know he’s kind of
going around the car. So you kind of want to
paint top to bottom. So for example if he was
painting the roof of this car he would stop at that
paint and kind of work down his panels and kind of
follow the same sequence. So that just kind of helps keep a wet edge so that especially when
your painting your clears that you don’t find a dry edge anywhere. Also notice how he’s going
around his wheel wells. You know a he’s doing each panel. He’s going around and
getting all those edges. And sorry for this being
so shaky right here. I was trying to get it
adjusted and get everything. Bad thing about those go pros
is you kinda aim it at it but you can’t really see
what your focusing on. So some of this may be a
little bit out of focus. But he’s following that
panel, once you start just keep that going, you
know the direction your going. Just keep that wet edge
going the whole time. Stay on that wet edge
and juts keep on going. Now I’m not doing any flash times. But we did allow that to
flash the recommended time and you want to be sure
and allow the flash time. You can look on your technical data sheet to see what that is. And now he is spraying
the water born base coat. Not this is a little bit
different on the overlap. You overlap a little bit more. You overlap 75% as apposed to the 50%. So now he’s going around
the car with a 75% overlap you know putting a nice even coat. And one thing that kind of
helped me and helped students that I have mentioned this to. Is I got this from a John, I can’t remember how
you say his last name, but the house of color guy. The older guy that came
out with House of Color. And he really said something, you know in one of his videos that clicks to me. He keeps talking about,
think like a robot. Think like a robot, and
that really is true. If you think about it you know, a robot is gonna do that
exact same pass every time. Same speed, same distance,
then it’s gonna shift with the overlap you
know, the perfect amount and do it again. So when you’re spraying,
try it, seriously. The next time your spraying
think of like a robot and do that pass nice even. Do the overlap and come back
you if you can do that exactly the same, accurately every
time, you’ll be a good painter. But it takes time, you know
like I was talking about the muscle memory and things like that. And especially you know,
whites a great color. It doesn’t show a lot of the
imperfections, dirts and dents like maybe black or some
of your darker colors. You know it doesn’t have a talop that you have to worry about. But actually spraying white is one of the hardest colors to spray. I mean, once you get
the first coat of sealer or base coat on there, you
really cannot see white go on too good. It does really kinda, you gotta start depending on your skill
and things like that, because you can’t really see it. I’ve always had more trouble
painting white for that reason. But really one you get to
painting, you really don’t have to think about it. You know you remember when
you started driving a car, you know you had to really
think about every little thing. Even if you’re centered
in the road, or if you’re in the lane right, you
know all that stuff. But as you do it over and over and over, I mean you really don’t
think about it anymore. I mean maybe you come
in an unfamiliar area, city or something and you
have to think about it but you’re regular routine,
you know, it’s just it becomes part of you. I becomes easy. And painting is the same way. You know it just becomes a skill. Now the gun we’re using here
is Davelvus Technigun series and this is really a good
gun, especially if you’re Sata person maybe a little more
similar to that than the Iwata. But it sprays really nice
and it’s kinda a medium, you know price range,
it’s kinda in the middle. You know it’s not near as
expensive as some of the Iwata and Satas but you know it’s
not a real cheap gun either. I’d have to look it up. I’ll try to put a link to
this spray gun down below for the exact price. I’m thinking it’s around $400. Which you know DIY that might
sound a little bit expensive but if you’re spraying all the time. I mean this is a gun that the
people on my advisory board and a lot of people,
you know professionals really like this gun. This is what a lot of them are using. So you know if you’re someone
serious about spraying this might be something to think about. If you’re not wanting to
spend you know six seven eight hundred, you know up to
$1000s on like a Iwata or Sata or something like that. But it really sprays good. A lot of the students like the gun. So if you can go around
this car and you know with the same speed, same distance, and just do the same thing over
you know, for several coats you know you’ve got the one primer sealer. You’ve got the base coat and clear coat which clear coat you spray
a little bit different. I’ll talk about that here in a minute. If you can just get real
consistent with your speed and distance and overlap, you
can really be a good painter. I mean that’s all it takes. And it does take some practice. I mean I’m not gonna say
that you can, you know, paint your first car and not
have a run or a dry spot. I mean it’s gonna happen. Even painters that have
been out there for years sometime they get runs. You know, maybe your
trying to hurry or you know things happen. But usually you know
when you get to spraying, if your spraying a lot,
you’ll get to where you can really spray very consistently and not really have to many problems. So he’s going around and
another thing I want to mention with this water born. Is it takes air movement to dry. Unlike solvent you know
it’s just more time. You know temperature and time
but this water born takes air. And I don’t show it in the video. You know this videos already pretty long but in between these we
got an air gun that we’ll blow on the surface. Just to help flash off. Now on a complete it’s not
gonna take near as much because the time you finish a coat, you know the hood where
you’re gonna start again. You can start the exact same every time. You know it’s already had
a little it of time to dry but if you’re using water born. It is gonna take some
type of air movement. So again I apologize for
this video being shaky. But you can pick these up,
these water born air dryers. They’re not very expensive. If I was a DIY I would
probably just use solvents. But there are a lot of
advantages to the water born. You know there’s pros and cons. You know something I
like about water born, there color matches are very very good. You know a lot better
than the solvents were. You know painting one panel,
you have a lot better chance of that matching, you know. But if it doesn’t match,
you know you can still blend and things like that. Like you can with solvent. But with any product, you know I encourage you to really
read the technical data sheet before you use them. Especially if your a DIY or someone who doesn’t paint that much or maybe your using a different
brand than you’re used to. Because every brand’s different. PPG’s gonna be you know, have
a few different things you do than a DuPont or Sherman Williams or any of those other brands. So be sure and read those
technical data sheets. And you should be able to pick those up, wherever you get your paint. You ask for the technical
data sheet for something the paint jobber or the
automotive paint store that you’re using. You know they can supply you with that. And there’s really some
useful information. Everything from setting up your gun to overlap to all the things
that I’m talking about. Your flash times, you know
you can get all that off that technical data sheet. Don’t mix that up with the MSDS
material safety data sheet. Because that talks more
about the hazards, you know the flame point or you
know the flammability and all that and flash points. That not quite as useful as
far as using the product. I mean there’s some things
you might want to know about the product but it
doesn’t really explain, you know how to apply it and how to prep, you know to spray the
product and things like that. So he is getting around
with his second coat here. Base coat. This will be the final coat. And you know to do this type of work you are going to have to
bend over to get the rockers and things like that. You’ve got to make that
paint wrap around everything. You’ve got to have the right gun angle. You know cars are not
boxes or just flat panels. So make sure that the gun
angel you know, is correct. And he’s really picked it up good. This car turned out really nice. It didn’t have any dirt, no runs. I mean it really turned out
sharp when he gets done. So he’s going around it. And you know this seems like a lot of work because you do end up
going around that car quite a few times and I’m not
talking about just painting. I mean you go around
it when our sanding it and your prepping. Then you go around it when your washing and you know your gonna
wash it a couple times. You know you gotta use
wax and grease remover to go around it you know and
wipe it all down, tack it off. So there’s a lot of
work involved with this but you know whenever you can step back and see that end result you know that’s where the satisfaction comes with. It is such an awesome feeling
to be able to step back and see you know something
that you did like that. You know even if you have
mistakes, you might have a run. I mean runs you can repair runs dry. You know you can sand and
buff but the important thing is to just get out there and practice. You know your gonna have
to practice for this skill. I mean you not gonna be
perfect the first time. Anything you do. You know I was talking
about that muscle memory. It juts takes a certain amount of time. Welding. You know if you’re a welder
you know you gotta build up that muscle memory and do
it over and over and over. And you know I tell a
story like this to students that kind of help them
understand some of the things like welding or spraying. Because you know they
just want to get out there and want to have instant
results because there’s a lot of instant results today. But you can’t really rush this. You know I talk about baseball. Whenever my boys was in
little league you know they would get out there and practice and they would practice
how to throw balls. Practice how to bat. Practice how to you know
swing and catch, all that. Well you know when they go up a level they’re practicing the same thing. And when they get in high
school there still practicing the exact same thing. And you know when you become pro, if you ever watch a pro game,
you know the outfielders are out there playing
catch with each other. The infielders are playing
throwing the ball to each other. The pitchers warming up pitching. They’re doing the exact
same thing you know. Maybe an additional few
things but kinda doing the same thing they was
doing in little league. Just practicing throwing,
catching and batting. Well this is no different. Just because you can never
really become good enough. It takes a lot of practice
and if you ever think that you have no room for improvement, you just limited yourself
from becoming better. There’s always improvement and you know juts like those pro baseball teams. They don’t say, I already
know how to bat a ball, swing a bat. And I already know how to catch. I already know how to
throw, pitch whatever. No they’re out there doing
it over and over and over. And this is the same way. You know any time you get the
opportunity to do some welding or some spraying, you
know you need to take that opportunity to do that. And just be able to learn better. So anyway, he is putting
some clear coat on now. This is the first coat of clear coat. Now I told you I was gonna
tell you a little something about clear coat. First we’re using a little different gun. This is an Iwata Supernova. And when we use a dedicated
gun for clear coat. And the reason that we do that is because we like to use a gun
that only shoots clear. Because if you have a gun, you can do it. You know especially DIY if
you need to clean your gun of course real good. But lets say you did have
a little bit of paint left in there you know from previous jobs. Maybe some black paint
was sprayed in there. If that shot out in the clear you know you’d see those black
specks and just make a mess. I mean just ruin your paint job. So we like to have a dedicated
gun just for clear coats so something like that doesn’t happen. And it has happened to me. You know spraying second coat of clear and have some different
color shoot out on there you know and it just looks horrible. So anyway, he is going
around with his first coat and most brands, I know with PPG the en viral base and all that you know you’re gonna out on full wet. You know the base coat you
didn’t want to put on real wet. There’s a medium wet. But now it’s time to slow down. Might narrow your
pattern just a little bit and follow all the recommendations on the technical data sheet
as fr as the air pressure. You know, distance and all that. But I also like to narrow
the pattern a little bit just to make it a little bit wetter coat. Because the clear coat, you
know that’s where you want all the protection from. You want the clear coat to build mils. You know paint thickness because
that’s your UV protection. And I try to talk about it like a gift. You know if you wrapped a
gift in gift wrapping paper, it’s real thin, I mean it’s
got all the cool colors and it looks neat and everything, but if you ship that,
probably that thing is gonna get tore up because it’s thin. Well if you took some plexy
glass or something like that and put that around there,
you know built a case for it, you could still see the
fancy wrapping paper but its got that plexy
glass protected around it. Now if you shipped it, you
know it’s not gonna damage that paper. So that’s kind of how I
like to explain clear coat. This is what protects the car. This is what you do wants the mils. You want the paint thickness
built up during the clear coat. And that way you’ll
protect the car and you’ll also UV protection. This is where all your
protection from the sun and things like that come from. This is still, this clear
coat is a 50% overlap. Its a solvent clear so you’re
gonna follow the 50% rule and you know if you’re
starting out I would say eight maybe nine inches away from the surface. As you become comfortable
you can get a little closer. But remember if you get closer, you’re gonna have to move faster. If you’re further away,
you’re gonna have to move further back. So just getting all those
techniques down, you know all together at the same time you know. Its just gonna take a
little bit of practice. But he’s got this down. And it’s looking really really awesome. Remember just like I mentioned,
just think like a robot. Do the exact same thing every time. Also notice he’s going around
getting his edges first. Especially with clear
coat this is important. Or any coating like your metallics because he can go around and get his edges and now he can come back
with nice even steady passes. And you don’t have the
over spray from the edges when you’re spraying the edges, you might have some weird
over spray kind of land on those panels and it
doesn’t blend or melt in quite like it should. So I always recommend
to do your edges first. Kind of go around your edges
and then do the flat surface. So now he’s getting all the hood. And again if this car had a roof, we’d be doing the roof first every coat. Nice even coats. Think like a robot just like John mentions from House of Color. Do the exact same thing. Be consistent. Think like a robot every single pass. And really I thought
that was kind of funny whenever I first heard it. You know it kind of made sense to me. But I actually tried it and
had some students try it and it really helped. You know if you think that in
your mind when your spraying. I mean he was right, it really does help. Makes you think about it a little more. And it makes you think to
be very very consistent. You know do the exact same
thing each pass, each panel. And I know this is kind of a long video, kind of going through the process. But I wanted to do one for members. Just kind of going through
the complete paint job. You know the primer
sealer, base coat and clear and this is regular speed. You know I’ve got some on
YouTube the if we do a complete it’s kind of fast motion
and you can’t really see his speed that he’s using,
his distance and technique. And I know I’m cutting some of this out. Didn’t do that by purpose though. So he’s going round those
edges, getting all that. Then he can do complete panel
and he can do complete passes. And that’s another thing,
when you’re painting you know do the entire panel. Don’t stop or act like
your rattle canning it. You know doing a little spots at a time. Go down the entire panel. Now there are some painters out there that like to go past the
body lines and meet there. But we’ve always had pretty
good luck just each panel at a time but the important
thing is just not to sit there and try to what
I call rattle can spraying. Where you’re just going
back and fourth real fast. You know do the entire panel. This will involve some
practice and some skill. Especially like on a truck bed or something that you can’t reach. You know, you’ll kind of
have to learn how to walk. You kind of put one foot behind
the other and then step out and that way you can keep your hand steady and keep that robot action. That same speed, same distance going. You know it takes a little
practice but like I said when you get it down and
your arm might get tired and you’ll be switching from
left to right as your going without ever missing a
pass or anything like that. Man we’ve almost got this car painted. He is juts about on the last
panel on the door right there. And he’s gonna be done. This car turned out, we got
it unmasked and it looks absolutely wonderful. Did a terrific job. Like I said he didn’t really get any dirt, didn’t get any runs, didn’t
have to buff it or anything. And all of that comes from good prep. Cleaning the booth, cleaning
your hose, tacking it off you know all those steps. So anyway he’s about
got this door painted. The only thing I’d like to
reinforce one more time, read your technical data sheets to get the correct flash times
and things like that. And don’t go in there blind you know if you’re not real
familiar with the product. Anyway I do appreciate you
for watching this video. I know it was long. And we’ll see you in the next video. If you like this video,
then be sure and subscribe and help me reach my goal
of 100,000 subscribers. And also click the bell to
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16 Replies to “How To Spray Car Start to Finish ( Sealer, Base, Clear) Tips”

  1. Great video man, Thank you. You have always been one of the best auto-body teachers on youtube. I hope you know that. The rest of these guys get subscribers using a super fast pace, loud techno music, and very expensive projects that only the top 5% can afford. They are appealing to kids and people who are living vicariously. They are like a TV show and you are like going to College – where people actually learn stuff. I would be proud to have 85,000 subscribers that are LEARNING, instead of a couple hundred thousand that are just being entertained for 15 minutes. I just want you to know how much you are actually helping people. You helped me get my first wrecked vehicle repaired and it turned out like factory. Thank you again.

  2. Thanks for walking me through this paint job. Very informative and positive. I learned a lot and plan on trying this very soon

  3. Thanks for putting up these kinds of videos. I've only ever painted a few body pieces from cars and a few motorcycles previously. i'm currently working on prepping my car for paint to do a DIY paint job in my garage this spring (also prepping my garage for this as well). I'm learning a lot from these types of videos. Will my paint job turn out ok? meh, i dont have super high hopes but its something i want to tackle.

  4. Great video. When you say water born, do you mean that the paint is thinned with water?? I am new to this so I want to learn everything I can. Thanks for sharing.

  5. Thanks for the great explanation and tips! If you ever get a chance it’d be great to see how to paint at home when you’re outside under a tarp or carport? Very helpful video though!

  6. Hi Donnie,Thanks for sharing your video. I'm Just looking for some guidance. I have a mate helping me with a bare metal 2 K (valspar) metalic full resto, on a 1964 XM falcon .We have experienced the misfortune of our base and clear not hardening and can be torn off like vinyl.(once i get a razor blade under it) We used 1K etch primer on the bare metal then Valspar HS35 surfacer/sealer ,blocked it with 400 and then primed that with etch again, rubbed it back with 600 and applied base/ clear. I now realise we should not have primed with 1K etch again but the same problem had happened before on the insides of the doors, without using the etch. It comes off easy & the high build surfacer/sealer seems to be very smooth after the paint is torn off.Thanks again on a great video

  7. Great video, can i ask what air cap and fluid tip you are using on the tekna ?did you change the cap for each stage of the painting stages, thanks for the video

  8. Nice to see someone doing it right for a change.no spray cans,no rustoleum paintjob in your driveway.takes time and money to do it right.

  9. Awesome. I've been subscribed for a long time and have learned a lot. Thank you. I'm hoping to start my paint in the next month or so. Epoxy first as I'm going to metal on a lot of places.

    Very informative as usual. Thanks!

  10. Hi Donnie

    What a fantasist vid is amazing. Hi from the uk paint like a robot is the best advise I’ve ever herd. What base are you using?

  11. As I see it, You say if I am spraying farther away, I have to go slow, and if I get closer, I have to go faster. So if I am going slower, farther away. and the trigger is full blast, I must be wasting paint. It is going into the air. OR, I MIGHT BE OUT IN LEFT FIELD. Let me know.

  12. Do you have to clean your gun between coats or is flashing for 10 min good enough and then you can do the second coat without the gun clogging? I suppose a couple of discharges in that time frame would be helpful.

  13. I'm only half way through video it might cover it but what psi do I want at the gun for base and then clear thank for all your help just subscribed 💪👍using nason

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