Basic Structure of an Automobile – Magic Marks

Basic Structure of an Automobile – Magic Marks


automobile is made up of hundreds of different parts which can be broadly categorized into six components basic structure power unit transmission system auxiliaries controls and superstructure the first five components are collectively known as automobile chassis now let’s try to understand the basic structure of an automobile basic structure of an automobile is the unit on which all the other automobile units like engine transmission system etc are attached it mainly comprises off frame suspension system axles and wheels now let’s discuss each of them in brief frame it is the main structure of an automobile that bears the most of its weight frame construction is generally done in two ways conventional construction frameless construction in conventional construction a conventional pressed steel frame is prepared and all the mechanical units are attached to it and then the body is superimposed on it whereas in frameless construction the body is designed in such a way that the function of the body and the frame is combined and all the mechanical units are directly attached to the body suspension system functions of suspension system it is responsible for preventing Road shocks from being transmitted to the vehicles safeguarding the passengers from road shocks and preserving the stability of vehicle during pitching and rolling generally there are two types of suspension systems conventional system and independent system in conventional system the road springs are attached to a rigid beam axle whereas an independent system there is no rigid axle beam and each wheel is free to move vertically without affecting other wheels axles they are the central shafts which connect the wheels to the frame depending on their use axles can be of two types live axle or dead axle live axle transmits the torque received from the engine to the driving wheels whereas dead axle just connects the wheel to the frame but does not transmit any power wheels they are one of the most important parts of an automobile without wheels the vehicle cannot even be told wheels carry the entire weight of a vehicle generally wheels are of three types disc wheels wire wheels and alloy wheels amongst them disc wheels are the most commonly used wheels now let’s summarize the basic structure of an automobile


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