Automotive Painting – Base Coat Paint – Summit Racing Quick Flicks

Automotive Painting – Base Coat Paint – Summit Racing Quick Flicks


hey I’m Dave back with another Summit Racing quick flicks video and this time around we’re going to talk about automotive paints all right so a couple of rules of thumb before we get started once again as you mentioned on an earlier prior video you want to look at your local laws your environmental regulations before you choose a paint that’s going to have bearing on what you choose whether it’s a low vo C type pain or a water-based paint definitely check in to those before you make your choice second thing is just to review we talked a little bit about 1k versus 2k paints 1k being a one part paint where you don’t require a hardener or an activator to ready the paint for application 2k you’re going to have to use a separate hardener sometimes you need a reducer to make the paint apply properly so 1k paints you know the types you find a rattle cans a lot to case obviously those are the types you’re going to sprout a spray go and we’re going to focus mainly on those types today all right so before we begin with the different types of automotive paints just a quick anatomy lesson on what comes in a typical automotive paint what it’s made of it’s generally consists of three different parts you’ll have your pigment which is the color the color aspect of the paint you’ll have a carrier agent which suspends the pigment in liquid until it’s applied and then either Dreiser evaporates and then you have a binding agent which is the part that actually dries or hardens to the vehicle so you know again the carrier agent once you apply the the paint that will evaporate or or dry to the vehicle typically it dries to the vehicle how paints are classified generally go along the lines of what the binding agent is you can have solvents or water so if you have a solvent based paint through using some sort of chemical as a binding agent a water-based paint is using typically water as the name suggests as the binding agent so okay so let’s start by talking about some of the solvent based paints out there we’re gonna start with lacquer paints this is a type of paint that was really popular from the 20s of the sixties to here a lot of old-school hot rodders talking about it it’s a pretty easy paint to lay down if you’re going to be doing a first-time paint job a lacquer could conceivably be a type of paint you’d want to use has a nice glossy finish to it but there are some disadvantages to it it’s a little bit soft it’s prone to chipping takes a lot of maintenance as far as waxing and buffing and to keep that shine on it that we talked about and it’s not extremely durable after a few years it will start to lose some of this color might fade especially if there’s a lot of a UV light if it’s out in the Sun a lot a long time so and the other main disadvantage to it is it’s it’s pretty toxic the binding agent itself actually evaporates into the air so in some areas it’s actually illegal to use lacquer paints now all right next up we have enamel paints that’s another type of solvent based paint and there’s also advantages and disadvantages to that type of fame main disadvantage it’s a little bit harder to work with it’s a little bit harder to lay down it’s not a great choice if you’re a first-time painter as a matter of fact you know professional shops that may still use enamel paints actual goes far as to bake the enamel paint onto the car to get that nice hard finish it is harder than the lacquer paints however so it is resistant to chipping that’s a good advantage to using an enamel paint also typically slightly less expensive than some of the urethane paints that are out there and the final solvent based paint we’re going to cover today is urethane paints urethane urethane based paints some erasing offers a couple different options in that our own private label paint we have a single and a two-stage paint and it’s a direction a lot of people are going even body shops collision shops using urethane and based paints because there’s a lot of advantages to number one it’s a lot tougher than enamel or lacquer especially lacquered very very chip resistant number two it’s pretty easy to lay down a good and urethane paint job it’s easy to work with you can apply urethane paints over other types of paints it’s quick drying actually there’s kind of an advantage and disadvantage to that the advantage is once you apply it you can go back to sanding on it pretty quickly after after you apply it address quickly on the flip side once you put the hardener in into the urethane paint you have to use it up pretty quick and so it’s a waste one disadvantage though to urethane paints is it’s extremely extremely toxic it’s got isocyanates in it which can be absorbed into your body that’s why you need to have a full respirator and need to have your body cover also your body completely covered so that’s that’s the one really loan disadvantage to urethane paints fairly inexpensive again summer Racing offers two different types of those the single in the dual stage and we’ll get into what single and dual stage means here shortly before we do that I want to cover quickly the some of the waterborne or water-based paints that are available out there we mentioned the solvent base water-based completely different the carrier agent usually has some sort of water form and at the binding agent on water-based paints it’s also made from water and it completely evaporates auto air colors is a company for example it makes a complete water-based paint and the reason people are doing this again is for the environment doesn’t have those chemicals that are evaporating you know California has a pretty stringent laws and a lot of times you know other states are quick to follow so water-based paints maybe the future of paint just because of the pollution issue alright so we’ve covered the different types of paints classify the solvent base and water base gone over all that I want to go back and touch on the single stage and the two stage paint which I mentioned earlier again our Summit Racing paints coming as two options you can get the single or the two stage starting with the two stage you need to think of your paint in terms of the base coat or the color coat and then the clear coat which goes over top of that particle it really gives your vehicle the shine the two-stage paint those two components are separate you’re going to apply a base coat put the color down and then you’re going to apply the clear coat in a separate step and you may apply multiple clear coats depending on what kind of shine you want now you go to the car shows and you’ll see these cars with just a massive amount of shine because people put multiple amounts of clear cuts so on the two stage separate process base coat goes down clear coat goes over its again and gives you that extra deep finish a good shine it’s great for metallics and pearl type paints you put a mid coat in between the base and the clear coat to get that texture or that metallic look to it that extra pigment in there single stage on the other hand the base and the clear goes on in one process there’s just one stage you apply your top coat and the clear coat is kind of in there and in the fact that that one coat is all your your paint needs to reach its final gloss you don’t need to add two extra clear coat you can in fact we sell a clear coat to go with our single stage paint if you want a little extra shine but it’s not necessary single stage advantage of that is it’s pretty inexpensive paint because you only have the one stage to apply or the one coat to put on as far as just you know that that top coat it’s it’s good for a first-time painter it’s easy to apply just because of those lack of extra steps it’s also great for basic color paints if you’re doing a basic black basic yellow basic red it’s just fun you can put them again put that extra clear on if you want it but not necessary if you quick things before you go ahead and decide on which paint to use things to consider again I mentioned it upfront but local laws might be different where you’re at as far as environmental regulations you may have to go with the low VLC you’re gonna want to go ahead and check with those if you’re in California I’m pretty sure you already know the answer to your question those are other states like it as well so check your local laws also what condition or what temperature are you going to be shooting your paint in that’s going to affect the type of hardener you get the type of any reducer that you might have those are rated by temperature ranges so take that into consideration as well if there’s any questions don’t hesitate to call and talk to one of our advisors about that finally spray nozzles spray gun nozzles rule of thumb for the Tuesday or the single-stage pay excuse me 1.2 – a millimeter a one point four millimeter is recommended for any HVLP gun you might be using 1.2 to 1.5 for a conventional style spray gun a safe and gravity feed gun if you’re going up to a two-stage paint we recommend a gravity feed gun for that 1.3 millimeter or 1.4 millimetre spray gun nozzle same for the clear coat if you up for a water-based paint like something the auto air colors offers they recommend something 1.2 to 1.4 around 40 psi again I would call in and talk to one of IRA Freid one of our advisors about that as well also there are some spray guns that are made specifically for water-based paints they have stainless steel internals so you don’t get the corrosion that might be something to think about as well alright so hopefully this gets you on the right track to choosing the right pane for your vehicle we have plenty of color options available in finishes and different metallics pearls all that stuff until then if you have any more questions about paint or any other tech related questions feel free to leave a question in the comment section below I hit her a subscribe button to get the latest videos and watch some of our other quick flicks videos 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