Automotive industry in Turkey | Wikipedia audio article

Automotive industry in Turkey | Wikipedia audio article


The automotive industry in Turkey plays an
important role in the manufacturing sector of the Turkish economy. The companies operating in the Turkish automotive
sector are mainly located in the Marmara Region. In 2012, Turkey produced more than 1 million
motor vehicles. With a cluster of car-makers and parts suppliers,
the Turkish automotive sector has become an integral part of the global network of production
bases, exporting nearly $20 billion worth of motor vehicles and components. Global car manufacturers with production plants
include Fiat/Tofaş, Oyak-Renault, Hyundai, Toyota, Honda and Ford/Otosan. The foundations of the industry were laid
in the 1950s when TOE (Türk Otomotiv Endüstrileri A.ş.) started producing REO military truck
and later trucks by International Harvester. A brief foray in car production was stopped
short. In 1961 the first domestic car Devrim was
made by a train manufacturer TÜLOMSAŞ. With the establishment of the Otosan assembly
factory in 1959, mass production of the domestic car Anadol started in 1966.==History==In 1959 the Otosan factory was established
in Istanbul to produce the models of the Ford Motor Company under licence in Turkey. In 1961 the Devrim sedan was manufactured
at the Tülomsaş factory in Eskişehir. It was the first indigenously designed and
produced Turkish automobile. In 1964 the Austin and Morris vehicles of
the British Motor Corporation began to be produced under licence at the BMC factory
in İzmir. The BMC brand was later fully acquired by
Turkey’s Çukurova Group in 1989, which currently produces all BMC models in the world. In 1966 Anadol became the first mass-produced
Turkish automobile brand. All Anadol models were produced by the Otosan
factory in Istanbul. In 1968 the Tofaş factory was opened in Bursa
for producing Fiat models under licence. In 1969 the Oyak-Renault factory was established
in Bursa for producing Renault models. Other global automotive manufacturers such
as Toyota, Honda, Opel, Hyundai, Mercedes-Benz and MAN Truck & Bus produce automobiles, vans,
buses and trucks in their Turkish factories. There are also a number of Turkish bus and
truck brands, such as BMC, Otokar and TEMSA. By 2004, Turkey was exporting 518,000 vehicles
a year, mostly to the European Union member states.In 2006, the European Investment Bank
loaned Tofaş €175 million to jointly develop and produce with PSA Peugeot Citroën and
Fiat Auto small commercial vehicles for the European market. The loan, part-financing for total investments
estimated at €400 million, was intended to result in an important expansion of the
company’s production capabilities and create around 5,000 new jobs. The vehicles will be produced at the manufacturing
plant of Tofaş in Bursa with an additional, initial, annual capacity of 135.000 cars,
due to roll off the assembly line in late 2007.The first official introduction of Etox
Zafer took place on 30 August 2007. Like in many countries, the car manufacturing
industry has been significantly affected by the global financial crisis. In March 2009, Turkey’s Automotive Industry
Association (OSD) said the automotive production fell by 63% on year in the first two months
of 2009, as exports dropped by 61.6% in the same period.==Manufacturers=====Active===
Altın Boğa BMC
Diardi Erkunt
Etox FNSS Defence Systems
Ford Otosan Hyundai
Imza Isuzu
Karsan Marti
Onuk Oscar
Otokar Otoser
Oyak-Renault TEMSA
Tofaş Toyota===Defunct===
Anadol Askam
Devrim Özaltin==Production==Turkey produced 1,124,982 motor vehicles in
2010, ranking as the 7th largest automotive producer in Europe; behind Germany (5,819,614),
France (3,174,260), Spain (2,770,435), the United Kingdom (1,648,388), Russia (1,508,358)
and Italy (1,211,594), respectively.In 2008 Turkey
produced 1,147,110 motor vehicles, ranking as the 6th largest producer in Europe (behind
the United Kingdom and above Italy) and the 15th largest producer in the world.The combined
capacity of the 6 companies producing passenger cars stood at 726,000 units per year in 2002,
reaching 991,621 units per year in 2006. In 2002, Fiat/Tofaş had 34% of this capacity,
Oyak/Renault 31%, Hyundai/Assan and Toyota 14% each, Honda 4%, and Ford/Otosan 3%. With a cluster of car-makers and parts suppliers,
the Turkish automotive sector has become an integral part of the global network of production
bases, exporting over $22,944,000,000 worth of motor vehicles and components in 2008.==Domestic Turkish car==
On November 2, 2017, Turkey announced that five Turkish companies, under coordination
by Union of Chambers and Commodity Exchanges of Turkey, will take part in the consortium
for domestically-made car production. The expectation is that the first prototype
will be released in 2019 and commercial sales by 2021.The consortium includes following
domestic (automotive) companies: BMC
Anadolu Group Kıraça Holding
Vestel Turkcell==See also==
Automotive industry Economy of Turkey

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