Automotive industry in Canada

Automotive industry in Canada


The automotive industry in Canada
consists primarily of assembly plants of foreign automakers, most with
headquarters in the United States or Japan, along with hundreds of
manufacturers of automotive parts and systems.
Canada is currently the tenth largest auto producer in the world, producing
2.1 million cars a year, down from seventh place with 3 million per year a
few years ago. China, Spain, India, Brazil, Mexico recently surpassed
Canadian production for the first time. Canada’s highest rankings ever was
second largest producer in the world between 1918 and 1923 and third after
WWII. The first large-scale production of
automobiles in Canada took place in Walkerville, Ontario, near Windsor, in
1904. In the first year of operations, Gordon McGregor and Wallace Campbell,
along with a handful of workmen produced 117 Ford Model Cs at the Walkerville
Wagon Works factory. Through marques such as Brooks, Redpath,
Tudhope, McKay, Galt Gas-Electric, Gray-Dort, Brockville Atlas, Russell,
and McLaughlin, Canada had many domestic auto brands. In 1918, McLaughlin was
bought by an American firm, General Motors, and was re-branded General
Motors of Canada. In the 1930s, Studebaker built its Rockne in Canada.
Driven by the demands of World War I, Canada’s automotive industry had grown,
by 1923, into the second-largest in the world, although it was still made up of
relatively inefficient plants producing many models behind a high tariff wall.
High consumer prices and production inefficiencies characterized the
Canadian auto industry prior to the signing of the Canada–United States
Automotive Products Agreement. The 1964 Automotive Products Trade
Agreement or “Auto Pact” represents the single most important factor in making
the Canadian automotive industry what it is today. Key features of the Auto Pact
were the 1:1 production to sales ratio and Canadian Value Added requirements.
Manufacturers Canadian Automakers:
Allard Motor Works Bombardier Inc.
Bombardier Recreational Products Canadian Electric Vehicles
Conquest Canada Dupont Industries
Dynasty EV is a Canadian electric car produced by Dynasty Electric Car
Corporation Foremost Vehicles
HTT Automobile Intermeccanica
Magna International is Canada’s biggest domestic firm in the sector, and is the
world’s third-largest auto parts firm, producing entire vehicles at its Magna
Steyr plant in Austria Magnum Cars
New Flyer Industries Nova Bus
Prevost Car Terradyne Armored Vehicles Inc
ZENN is a 2-seat battery electric vehicle built by ZENN Motor Company
Foreign automakers that have plants in Canada:
CAMI Automotive Joint venture between General Motors and Suzuki
Chrysler Canada Ford Motor Company of Canada
General Motors Canada Hino Canada
Honda Canada Toyota Canada
Defunct Canadian Automakers & Brands: Acadian
American Motors Canada Bricklin
Brockville Atlas Brooks Steam Motors
Derby Galt Gas-Electric
Gray-Dort Motors Laurentian
Manic GT McKay Motor Car Company
McLaughlin Automobile Meteor
Orion International Redpath Motor Company
Russell Motor Car Company Studebaker Canada
Suzuki Canada Inc. The Jamie Stahley Car
Tudhope Carriage Company See also
Automotive industry crisis of 2008–2010 Big Three automobile manufacturers
Canada–United States Automotive Products Agreement
Decentralization Effects of the 2008–2010 automotive
industry crisis on Canada References


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