AUTOMOTIVE DESIGN ARCHITECTURE HISTORY 🏁 Harley Earl, Gordon Buehrig, Carroll Shelby, John Deloreon

AUTOMOTIVE DESIGN ARCHITECTURE HISTORY 🏁 Harley Earl, Gordon Buehrig, Carroll Shelby, John Deloreon


HOT ROD 100 Presents…
Automotive Design Architecture
(Automobile Design Engineering)
the automobile is the most romantic of
all the chief romantic because it is
personal and it delivers people the
places they want to go in a style
they’ve come to enjoy presently and
nostalgic Lee an automobile is a
beautiful that must contain the driver
passenger Chicago it includes a power
source the controls to guide the vehicle
and the wheels upon which applies
throughout the history of the automobile
the space allowed it to these components
has changed to accommodate shifts and
buyer needs and desires but where did it
all start
we know that a steam-powered vehicle was
developed in France as early as 1769 and
steam-powered rose locomotives became a
reality in England around 1800 at about
the same time Americans had fallen in
love with the bicycle there were all
kinds from bicycles built for two or
built for ten to velocipedes with front
wheels that one up to five feet in
diameter it was the bicycle that gave
most Americans the desire to travel
about easily and set the stage for the
automobile it’s not surprising then that
many of the early auto manufacturers
were people in the bicycle industry the
first commercially available automobile
was manufactured by Karl Benz and his
brother in Germany in eighteen eighty
five in America a man named Jory a
demonstrated his car in 1893 and the
following year he sold three of them
Henry Ford’s famous quadricycle
obviously a relative of the bicycle was
built in 1896 and in that same year
ransom olds introduced his first
gasoline-powered automobile contrary to
popular belief neither old nor Ford work
first with mass production duryea
produced 13 at dainik alotta mobiles and
springfield massachusetts in 1896
looking back it’s difficult to see why
the early automobiles created so much
excitement first cars were merely
platforms for wheels a seat a steering
device and an engine as it developed
some obvious things had to be done right
away engines were covered to keep out
inquisitive fingers and cut down on
noise and fumes lights were added to aid
in Mike driver this was the basic
arrangement of the curve dash olds of
1901 the automobile that established
Detroit as the automotive center of the
US
a fire in the Oldsmobile motorworks
destroyed everything but one car a curve
dash holes in order to stay in business
drawings were made directly from the one
remaining car and various parts were
subcontracted in Detroit most of these
subcontractors eventually became
automobile manufacturers about 1904 the
first windscreens appeared and most of
the automobile bodies of this era at
what was called roi des belles coachwork
taken from a vehicle built to the
specifications of the king of Belgium
this general body design sometimes
called otano with two seats in front and
three at the rear was retained by the
industry for almost 15 years the infants
to the back seat was from the rear of
the car originally most accessories were
outside the passenger compartment under
the floor or fastened to the back even
the brakes and gears shift were outside
at first as well as appropriate boxes
for tools or picnic lunches it said that
in those days even the mother-in-law
wrote outside the car whether or not
this is true many of the cars for did
small seats at the rear called
mother-in-law seats it would be some
years before as the top windshield doors
and basic body would gradually grow
together into one piece but all the
pieces necessary for an enclosed
automobile were already well developed
by 1909 there were two hundred and
ninety different makes of automobiles
produced at 145 cities in 45 states talk
about competition Detroit alone had 25
different car makes and a total of 45
makes were produced in Michigan options
such as tops windshields and lamps
became standard equipment speedometers
shock absorbers and fighting
transmissions all added to the weight
and size of the automobile which in turn
required bigger engines
Cadillac introduced an electric starter
developed by Charles F Kettering along
with a generator battery lighting system
the electric starter made it practical
for the first time for a woman to own
and drive an automobile during the
period before the first world war the
basic configuration of the automobile
was still somewhat uncertain and many
strange and marvelous variations were
attempting the inventor of the reactor
oncol felt that eight wheels were better
than for others experimented with size
1911 old limited with 43 inch wheels the
largest production car ever built in the
u.s. to the woods mobile app some dried
steam gasoline and electricity and at
times even combine them as a Miss woods
gas electric this 1915 Saxon illustrates
the trend to light cars in this period
another car the gat about roadster
offered a wicker body and the national
had an original seating arrangement for
armchairs that could be moved on casters
in any direction about the time of the
First World War most automobiles started
to settle down general mechanical
configuration we know in America today
designers borrowed from the armored cars
and other military vehicles that were
produced at the time straight lines
higher wood and steel wheels gave many
of the new models a warlike appearance
following a short sharp depression in
1920 things got better and better until
they reached a climax of the giddy and
glamorous days just before the stock
market crash of 1929 the Essex was one
of the first few low price closed cars
and produced in the 20 and the Overland
offered a unique body style three doors
another closed gar the 19-21 Ford sedan
featured a single door on each side too
loud driver and passenger who enter
heated the front or back seats from the
cellar door as the economy improved
luxury cars began to appear in greater
numbers Duesenberg brought out the first
straight eight and the first four-wheel
hydraulic brake from the US the Stutz
Bearcat was the playboys car and one
that attracted crowds within even a
snack the General Motors proving ground
in Milford Michigan was completed in
1924 not one electric or steam car was
displayed at the National Automobile
Show Tom attractions were cars featuring
four-wheel brakes balloon tires as
standard equipment at this time there
was one automobile for every seven
people in the US for the increased
number of cars came real personal
freedom of movement and the
much-talked-about love affair with the
motorcar the 25 million u.s. motor
vehicle was produced in 1925 the new
models featured one-piece windshield
mohair upholstery and crank type window
lips synthetic quick drying paint that
could be sprayed on they gave the
industry a wide range of high gloss
finishes for the first time more clothes
than open models were sold general
motors introduced for LaSalle in 1927 it
was the first mass-produced car to be
styled by a professional designers
directly employed by the manufacturer at
the other end of the price range Henry
Ford brought out his Model A a dramatic
change Ford automobile during this
decade the body became a solid enclosure
as windshields roof and doors grew
together to make the cars more sturdy
and
rely on them after this time automobiles
use very straightforward body work but
gradually the corners started to round
off compound curve started to appear on
fenders and rear corners of the roof
from the headlights this normal
evolution bless these dramatic luxury
cars coming into existence create a
consumer demand for automotive style
more than ever before the car Express
status power fun glamour and freedom the
late 20s and early 30s was the era of
the flapper the newport mansions yachts
Thompson Trophy races movie stars and
classic cars the l-29 cord was
introduced in 1929 this front wheel
drive car indicated a new willingness on
the part of the manufactured to timp the
public with new features and new
concepts Duesenberg shot the automotive
world by offering a car with fantastic
performance ranging from 265 horsepower
in the J model to 320 horsepower in the
SJ series this car had about the same
impact that would result from the
introduction of a car today with almost
a thousand horsepower Cadillac
introduction of a b16 in 1930 announced
the era of multiple cylinder engines in
this country the nineteen thirty Packard
custom Phaeton the nineteen 32kb Lincoln
with its v12 engine at the 1933 Chrysler
Imperial LeBaron one of the last
Chrysler’s with a solid products ille
are some of the classics of this period
in Europe designers were building some
memories of their own the Bugatti Royale
is one of the most famous classics even
though less than ten were sold this
hispano-suiza was built to be driven in
the 1924 take a floral rapes the body is
made of to the food and
vendors were added and for the race the
supercharged Mercedes ssk and the 1931
rolls-royce phantom 2 convertible sedan
are outstanding examples of some of the
European cars of this vintage the luxury
car consumer of the thirties placed more
emphasis on performance and overall
magnificence than ever before the
pressure of consumer demands spurred the
stylist and engineer to further
developments in automotive design the
invention of the hyoid rear axle was one
of the first moves in lowering the
silhouette of the automobile by
offsetting the drive shaft below the
actual knee action or independent front
wheel suspension was introduced in 1934
this created a drastic change in the
proportion to the automobile without the
beam axle the engine could move forward
and eventually down between the front
wheels other changes affected the
interior compartment rule in 1931 the
Rio Royale started the popular trends
whose slanted windshield and in 1936
side windows that slopes in at the top
were first seen in the years between
nineteen thirty-five and 1939 it was
discovered that the automobile stylist
could drastically change the exterior
shape of the American production
automobile the styling of the 8 10 8 12
chord with its front wheel drive bought
this to the public’s attention the 1936
lincoln center with its pointed grill
and fastback roofline and the 1938
cadillac sixty special which eliminated
running boards and introduced the use of
lightweight convertible window frames
were the forerunners of a remarkable
acceleration the appearance
characteristics of the automobile over
the years styling and aerodynamics
gradually moved the body shell outwards
in the process the trunk became part of
the body show and the spare tire moved
in
time the headlights flared out then
dissolved into the fender the hood
sheetmetal moved out over the radiator
and the fenders elongated flattened and
gradually became part of the body side
over the span of time every major
component of the automobile moved inside
the vine in 1938 pontiac moved the gear
shift from the floor up onto the
steering column to help provide more
front foot room and automatic
transmissions were offered by Oldsmobile
and viewing for the first time during
the war years we really can’t point out
too much of a change in automobiles
however the chief became a legend while
most of the manufacturers turned to
products other than automobiles
following the war most consumers eagerly
awaited the post-war car Studebaker was
first to bring out a new model and in
1946 Kaiser Frazier introduced the first
car with straight through body sides
which eliminated clin der forms the most
sensational post-war announcement was
the Tucker and although the car never
became a reality the public’s appetite
for new cars was obvious the 1948 Hudson
offered a new step down design which put
the passengers not only down between the
wheels but down between the frame
members as well this basic arrangement
exist in most of today’s automobiles by
1949 every major manufacturer had
eliminated most of the fender forms and
had some version of the so-called flesh
side styling with the introduction of
the four-door hardtop GM eliminated the
center pillar in the side windows and
gave the consumer an automobile with the
feeling of a convertible and the safety
of all steel roof wartime scarcities
created a tremendous desire for new cars
and new features an era of challenge and
response was begun the customers left
the producers know what they wanted by
posting sales records for vehicles and
options they liked and the manga
she’s responded by competing for
customer attention many of the sales
records set in the mid-fifties still
stand today the wraparound windshield
was one of the features that help set
off a consumer demand for automobiles
unequaled in automotive history the
1960s ushered in an era that saw a trend
the small cars a greater emphasis on
automotive safety and increased concern
for the environment be continuing
movement of people to the suburbs and
the increase in personal income resulted
in the growth of two car family the
preference of many consumers for simple
or economical transportation spurred the
sales of small imports until they reach
the total of almost 1 million in 1968 US
manufacturers responded by introducing
compacts of their own and automotive
engineers and designers had to find new
ways to create more room inside the cost
in 1962 Buick moved the engine and
transmission forward to reduce the hump
on the floor and the tempest transaxle
moved the transmission to the rear of
the car curved glass made it possible to
create thinner doors and increase
shoulder room safety features added the
cars during this decade included dual
braking systems factory installed seat
belts amber lights for front turn
signals and energy-absorbing steering
columns in 1963 positive crankcase
ventilating systems were installed
nationwide on all cars and light trucks
and several years later exhaust emission
control systems became standard
equipment on all 1967 makes 1970 found
us automakers in a global automotive
battle as Japanese manufacturers were
challenging the older makers in Europe
and the US to us subcom backs were
introduced one the Vega featured an
innovative 4-cylinder aluminum engine
front disc brakes
electric fuel pump for the first time
since Model T days more four cylinder
new cars were sold than ones with six
cylinder engines emission control
requirements caused a general lowering
of horsepower 1971 models and much of
the auto industry’s research and
development effort was devoted to
beating government regulations in safety
and emission control areas one of the
casualties of the early 70s was the high
performance or muscle car reflecting
high insurance rates placed on it a
consumer trend less expensive cars and
the Clean Air crusade a decline in the
sale of convertibles was offset by a
growing popularity of the sunroof option
and all makes offered a sliding route
than either a manually or power operated
version side beams were installed in all
cars to aid in side-impact collisions
and in 1973 manufacturers added bumpers
would withstand a five mile an hour
barrier crash in front and a
two-and-a-half mile per hour crash in
the rear in the years to come the
architecture of the automobile may see
some radical changes worldwide increases
in the use of energy will continue to
make fuel efficiency and the
conservation of all our natural
resources of primary consideration in
car design engineers and designers are
finding answers in many directions
weight reduction programs will
accelerate the development and use of
lighter weight materials such as
aluminum and plastics and high strength
low alloy steels they replace the
conventional Steel’s used in automobiles
for years
new types of seating may be developed
and possibly new seating arrangements
computers and structural analysis
systems will play an important role in
helping design more efficient vehicles
electronics and the techniques of
miniaturization developed in the space
program may well reduce the size of
electrical components and monitor and
control such functions as air fuel ratio
and smart advantage these are just some
of the approaches being used today to
provide the efficient safe comfortable
personal transportation the automotive
pioneers could only dream up the search
for better automotive architecture will
always exist and the consumer will
continue to present new challenges to
the designer and engineer today’s
automobiles are more indicative of the
people and times which produce them than
any other product some future day they
will take their place as one of the
important artifacts of the days
civilization
you

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *