일론 머스크의 Neuralink 뇌를 인터넷에 무선연결하는 첨단기술 설명합니다

일론 머스크의 Neuralink 뇌를 인터넷에 무선연결하는 첨단기술 설명합니다


Elon Musk did it again this time
He will make super-intelligent human by artificially
enhancing a person’s intelligence to compete with artificial intelligence.
I heard he would put something in a person’s brain
and connect it to a smartphone.
I’ll have to go in and see.
I’ll go and listen to what he is responding
and explain it to you.
and explain it to you.
I will be back soon.
Hello, Daniel is here from TSP NEWS.
Elon Musk has just announced a slightly absurd technology!
But before I explain that,
I think we need to talk about
how we relate to such hi-technology today.
So let’s go back to AlphaGo,
an ancient story about artificial intelligence.

It’s already been three years since AlphaGo beat Lee Se-dol 3-1.
After beating Lee Se-dol, AlphaGo continued to become smarter
as it continued to play the game Go with
60 of the world’s best player.
The bottom line is that it beat all 60 of them.
Finally, AlphaGo became the champion of the world.
And then you know what happened to AlphaGo?
Before I tell you this, let’s briefly talk about how this
artificial intelligence AlphaGo beat Lee Se-dol.

Google’s Deep Mind team had to enter a vast amount of Go information
to develop artificial intelligence that could play Go.
From the world’s amateur Go players to professional ones,
they put in as much video and online data as they can.
And it gave birth to an artificial intelligence Go player named AlphaGo.
In general, artificial intelligence is something that gets smarter by
accepting information generated from people and real life.
Now let’s go back to AlphaGo.

Google’s Deep Mind put world champion AlphaGo in a warehouse
and created an entirely different kind of artificial intelligence
“baby” from scratch.
They named the newborn baby “AlphaGo Zero.”
And the reason I called it “baby” is because
this artificial intelligence had only entered
the basic rules of Go.
It had never seen people play Go
and had not received any information from AlphaGo,
who went into the warehouse.
What they asked the baby AlphaGo Zero,
who was born with a new algorithm on a new computer,
was just to play Go alone and study Go independently.
“Hey Baby, I’ll give you 40 days to go alone
and spend some time playing Go.”
And they looked in three days later.
Do you know what happened?
It was beyond AlphaGo’s level of beating Lee Se-dol in just three days.
AlphaGo Zero, who has never been to a man’s game of Go
which has been mastered by a human for 25,000 years.
And he has improved itself enough to beat Lee Se-dol
by 100 to 100 in just three days.
And by the twenty-one day,
it reached to the level of AlphaGo, which surpassed all 60 of the world’s best.
And 40 days later?
Well, I guess it’s just getting better.
The problem is that it’s gone up to a level that
we don’t understand anymore.
You probably think it’s a supercomputer
in a full of large mechanical rooms.
Nope!
It’s just artificial intelligence that works on one computer.
It has conquered a long history of human-made Go
in just three days.
And the last thing that’s more shocking is that
the algorithms they put in
making this scary artificial intelligence,
AlphaGo Zero, are not explicitly designed for Go.
From now on, it can also eat other fields.
Isn’t that a little scary?
Yes, I’m getting cold feet like you all.
But there’s a celebrity who doesn’t sleep well
because of artificial intelligence in the future.
This is Elon Musk.
When we develop artificial intelligence that transcends human intelligence,
we will be looked like ants from its view.
The difference in intelligence is going to be that big.
What kind of argument do humans have with AI, or
do they dare to discuss and plan together with us
to make the world a better place to live?
Instead of that, we’re going to have a world where
A.I is going to make it all by itself,
whether we like it or not.
So Elon Musk set up a small company more than two years ago,
and this presentation is about developing a technology that
enhances our human intelligence.
Not for the future generation, but they want to improve your brain
so that you can reduce the intelligence gap with AI.
Even if it’s a small improvement, it will make it easier for you to communicate with AI.
The brain is made up of the limbic system that handles our emotions
and the cortex that we think and plan,
and Elon is trying to add
another super-intelligent layer to it.

How can they do that? It’s as easy as that.
They just plug Bluetooth into your brain
and connect it to the Internet.
It’s that easy.
Elon said it could do something as simple as
a Lasik operation on the eye.
We have all the information on the Internet,
and we can download it right away.
When it gets a little bit more advanced,
and we might be able to download and learn how to fly
a helicopter on the spot like the Trinity in Matrix.

Do you think I’m confused between the movie and reality?
Haha. Not really.
We still have to wait a long time to download
helicopter controls to our brains.
The most cumbersome thing you need to do to find information
on the Internet is that we have to type in letters.
We could speak to AI, but it still troublesome.
If we can find Internet information in real-time just by thinking about it
and read it or watch it right in the brain, we can go far beyond
the current boundaries of our knowledge.
the current boundaries of our knowledge.
with his company, Neuralink.
I think this technology will impact the world
when they’re commercialized.
If you’re not sure what to study for your future,
I think you’d better check out this area.
t will need a lot of professionals in various fields.
So let me tell you very simply what Elon Musk has developed it
over with less than 100 people for two years after he had invested 100 million dollars.
His company, Neuralink, has been implanting very thin sensors into a brain, reading
the electrical field of the neurons, decoding them, and controlling smartphones wirelessly.
But in fact, it’s been around the world for a long time
to study the brain this way.
In 1957, there was already an experiment in which deaf people could recognize
sound by giving electrical impulses to the cochlea of the ear.

In 1997, sensors planted deep in the brain of a Parkinson’s patient and
managed to control the high frequency to reduce the body’s.

In 2009, the U.S. FDA approved human test
which 10 to 100 electrodes, or iron skewers,
to be inserted into a brain to read brain waves
so that the patient can control a computer or robotic arm.
Yes, they’ve been working on this technology for ten years.
urrently, the company can insert up to
256 electrodes into its brain.

In the Neuralink announced by Elon,
they can implant up to 10,000 electrodes.
So what does this electrode do?
There are nearly 100 billion cells in our brain
called neurons in many complex shapes.
And the vast number of neurons that communicate with
each other by exchanging information is called synapses.
In this synapse, the neuron sends out a kind of chemical, neurotransmitter,
and the other side reacts with an electric spark and receives that information.
Once it gets enough neurotransmitters,
it’s going to have a ripple and chain reaction, and it’s going to pass
that information on to the other neurons down there.
And when it gets a chain rection,
there will be an electric field, and if you put a bug in there,
you can hear what’s going on.

It is the electrode that acts like a bug,
so far the biggest number is around 250.
But Elon Musk’s Neuralink has developed
to plug up to 10,000 electrodes.
Of course, the more you plant in, the more information you can read.
But who wants to put 10,000 iron skewers in his brain?
And our immune systems won’t let that happen.
It’s going to hit the electrodes so much that they block the signal.

So in the Neuralink, they reduced this electrode to
one-tenth the size of the hair diameter.
It’s almost the same size as a neuron cell.
But the problem was that we couldn’t plant
electrodes that weren’t visible to us.
So we developed a very sophisticated robot.
Yes, this company also has robot experts.
The doctor is overseeing it, but the robot does everything.
Our brain is full of tiny capillaries.
Never touch it, or blood will spill out into the brain.
So the robot avoids the capillaries,
planting electrodes very close to neurons.
How close is it?
The electrode needs to plant so close to the neuron
that there won’t be a gab for human hair.
In that way, it can catch the neurons’ signal.
So you drill a small hole in the skull, plant the electrodes,
connect the wires between the scalp and the skull, and you plug them
into a small pod that you install behind your ear.
There’s a battery in this pod,
and you can update your brain as needed.
Oh, no, you just update the pod.
Is that the same?
You have to have a computer to record and digitize
the brain’s analog signals from thousands of electrodes.
So this company made computer chips, too.
It’s called the N1.
They’ve made seven models in the last two years to make this chip
that’s less than five millimeters big behind the ear.
So every three to four months, they are making a new chip?
I didn’t know such a small company could develop computer chips
like that. It’s not a big company.

This little chip takes 900 nanoseconds to record 20,000
10-bit resolution per second and compress it 200 times.
Again, 0.000009 seconds.
It has five zeros after a decimal point.
This N1 chip, which consumes just 6.6 microwatts of electricity,
converts the neuron’s signal to digital and sends it
to the smartphone via “Bluetooth.”
Yes, you put electrodes in your brain and send what your brain wants to
your smartphone via Bluetooth to control your smartphone.

We’ve now implanted electrodes in the brain,
and we’ve digitized them by listening to the information from neurons.
The question is, how can we understand this information?
The electric field that comes out of a neuron
that’s detected by a single electrode sensor is really noisy and useless.
There are spikes in the middle.
It’s hard to see what kind of movement
this has to do with just a few neurons,
but if you compare thousands of neurons together,
you can find a pattern.
So if you keep working on this, you can figure out
what the brain does to your hands and feet,
and you can move the robotic arm and leg instead.
Neuralink wants to use this technology in humans
by the end of 2020.

We might be able to see in three years that people
who had been suffering from brain disorder and paralysis have
a new life by Neuralink’s technology.
If you have brain-related disorders,
I hope they’ll be available for you in a few years.
That’s being said, Elon Musk says that ultimately,
it’s going to be useful to everyone.
As I said earlier, as this technology continues to evolve,
you can find the information you want in real-time
in your brain and recognize it right away.
And you can control the robot or the electronic equipment with your mind alone.
And what if your brain could get a massive amount of information
from the Internet in real-time without even moving a finger?
If this device doesn’t make you uncomfortable
and healthy, well,
maybe a lot of people want it.
How about you?
Please write below whether you are interested
or will never do such a thing.

If you’d like to learn more about this technology,
please open the links below.
Yes, this has been Daniel from TSP NEWS.
If you like this video, I’d appreciate it
if you could thumbs up and subscribe.
Oh, by the way, you’ll find more exciting information
about science and technology
on my YouTube channel.

Thanks for watching.


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